Bertie the Brain

From Videogame Morgue File

Bertie the Brain was a single purpose computer created in 1950 by the scientist Dr. Josef Kates which played the game tic-tac-toe (naughts and crosses). The machine was built as a display of Kates' invention, the Binary Adder Tube, a vacuum tube he believed had the potential to obsolete the older models in performance. Bertie is the earliest known, fully electronic device used to play a game, with some labelling it as the very first video game. It was showcased at the Canadian National Exhibition in Toronto, Canada from August to September 1950 and was afterwards disassembled for parts.